Devil’s Horn Succulent (Crassula nudicaulis): A Fascinating Plant for Succulent Enthusiasts

If you’re crazy about succulents and want to jazz up your collection with something truly captivating and quirky, look no further than the Devil’s Horn Succulent (Crassula nudicaulis)! This bad boy will steal the show with its stunning appearance and curious growth habits – prepare to be wowed!

In this delightful article, we’ll dig into the origins, growing conditions, propagation techniques, and all the juicy care tips you need to keep this sassy succulent happy and thriving. You’ll be the envy of all your plant-loving friends with this devilishly charming addition to your collection!

So, brace yourself for some succulent sorcery as we uncover the secrets of the Devil’s Horn Succulent – it’s a horticultural adventure that even Mother Nature would applaud with a chuckle! Let’s dive in and unlock the mystery of this wickedly amusing plant!

Origins and Description

The Devil’s Horn Succulent, scientifically known as Crassula nudicaulis, is native to South Africa. This succulent belongs to the Crassulaceae family and is characterized by its peculiar horn-shaped leaves. The leaves are green and tubular, curling inward towards the center, resembling the horns of a devil. This unique feature gives the plant its intriguing name.

Taxonomy and Classification

The taxonomy of Devil’s Horn Succulent provides insight into its evolutionary relationships and helps classify it among other plant species. Let’s explore the taxonomical hierarchy of Crassula nudicaulis:

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Order: Saxifragales
  • Family: Crassulaceae
  • Genus: Crassula
  • Species: nudicaulis

Each level in the taxonomy hierarchy signifies a specific classification. The genus Crassula belongs to the family Crassulaceae, which is characterized by succulent plants. The species name, nudicaulis, refers to the naked stems of this particular succulent.

Morphology and Characteristics

Understanding the morphology and characteristics of Devil’s Horn Succulent provides a deeper appreciation for its unique features. Here are some notable traits:

  • Growth Habit: Devil’s Horn Succulent is a perennial plant with a clumping or sprawling growth habit. It typically forms compact rosettes with naked stems that give it an intriguing appearance.
  • Leaf Structure: The leaves of Crassula nudicaulis are fleshy, lanceolate, and green in color. They are often densely packed around the stem, creating a vibrant and eye-catching display.
  • Flowering and Reproduction: During the flowering season, Devil’s Horn Succulent produces small clusters of star-shaped flowers. The blooms can vary in color, ranging from white to pink, and they attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies. The plant can also reproduce through offsets or leaf cuttings.

Uniqueness of Devil’s Horn Succulent

The Devil’s Horn succulent is aptly named due to its horn-like, elongated leaves that resemble the shape of a cobra’s hood. This distinct feature sets it apart from other succulents, making it an eye-catching addition to any plant collection or garden. Its geometrically arranged leaves spiral around the stem, creating an appealing and symmetrical pattern.

Leaf Structure and Coloration

The leaves of the Devil’s Horn succulent are fleshy and thick, storing water to withstand periods of drought. They exhibit a vibrant green coloration, with some variations showcasing subtle shades of red or purple along the leaf edges. The leaves are densely packed, giving the plant a lush and compact appearance.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirements

To thrive and maintain its vibrant appearance, the Devil’s Horn Succulent requires bright but indirect sunlight. It is best to place it near a south or west-facing window where it can receive several hours of bright, filtered light each day. Avoid exposing the plant to intense, direct sunlight for prolonged periods as it can cause leaf burn.

Temperature and Humidity

The Devil’s Horn Succulent prefers moderate temperatures ranging between 65°F to 80°F (18°C to 27°C). It can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures during winter but should be protected from frost. As for humidity, this succulent adapts well to average room humidity levels and does not require any specific humidity adjustments.

Watering and Soil

One of the essential aspects of Devil’s Horn Succulent care is proper watering. It is crucial to strike a balance between underwatering and overwatering to prevent root rot. Allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings, and then water the plant thoroughly until water drains out of the pot’s drainage holes. Use a well-draining succulent or cactus potting mix to ensure adequate draina

Propagation and Repotting

Propagation is the process of creating new plants from existing ones. Devil’s Horn succulent can be propagated through stem cuttings, leaf cuttings, and offsets. Each method has its advantages and requires specific steps for successful propagation.

1. Propagation through Stem Cuttings

Stem cuttings are a popular and effective method to propagate Devil’s Horn succulent. Here’s how you can do it:

1.1 Selecting Healthy Cuttings

Choose healthy stems with no signs of damage or disease. Look for stems that have grown fully and are firm to the touch. It’s essential to select cuttings that have at least two sets of leaves.

1.2 Preparing the Cuttings

Using a sharp, sterile knife or shears, cut a stem about 4-6 inches long from the mother plant. Allow the cuttings to dry and callus for a few days in a warm and dry location.

1.3 Rooting the Cuttings

Once the cuttings have callused, prepare a well-draining potting mix suitable for succulents. Make small holes in the soil and insert the cuttings, ensuring the lowest set of leaves are above the soil line. Mist the soil lightly and place the pot in a bright, indirect light location.

1.4 Transplanting the Rooted Cuttings

After a few weeks, the cuttings will develop roots. You can gently tug on the stems to check for root growth. Once the roots are established, transplant the rooted cuttings into individual pots filled with succulent-friendly soil. Water sparingly and provide bright, indirect light to help the plants thrive.

2. Propagation through Leaf Cuttings

Leaf cuttings are another viable method to propagate Devil’s Horn succulents. Follow these steps for successful propagation:

2.1 Choosing Suitable Leaves

Select healthy leaves from the mother plant. Look for mature leaves without any signs of damage or disease. Leaves that are plump and firm work best for propagation.

2.2 Preparing the Leaf Cuttings

Gently twist or cut a leaf from the stem of the Devil’s Horn succulent. Ensure that the leaf is intact and without any tears. Allow the cuttings to dry and callus for a couple of days in a warm and dry location.

2.3 Rooting the Leaf Cuttings

Prepare a shallow tray or pot with well-draining succulent soil. Place the leaf cuttings on the soil surface, making sure the bottom end of the leaf makes contact with the soil. Mist the soil lightly, creating a humid environment for the cuttings.

2.4 Transplanting the Rooted Leaves

Over time, the leaf cuttings will develop tiny plantlets at their base. These plantlets are the beginnings of new Devil’s Horn succulents. Once the plantlets have grown roots and a small rosette of leaves, they can be gently separated from the parent leaf and transplanted into individual pots. Handle them with care to avoid damaging the delicate roots.

3. Propagation through Offsets

Devil’s Horn succulents often produce offsets, also known as pups or babies, which can be easily propagated. Here’s how:

3.1 Identifying and Separating Offsets

Inspect the base of the mother plant for smaller rosettes growing alongside it. These are the offsets. Use a sharp and sterile knife or shears to carefully separate the offsets from the main plant. Ensure that each offset has its own set of roots.

3.2 Planting the Offsets

Prepare pots with well-draining succulent soil and plant the offsets, making sure the roots are covered and the rosette is above the soil line. Water lightly and place the pots in a bright location with indirect sunlight.

Maintaining Healthy Propagated Succulents

Once you have successfully propagated Devil’s Horn succulents, it’s important to provide them with the right care to ensure their continued growth and vitality. Here are some tips for maintaining healthy propagated succulents:

Repotting Guidelines

As the Devil’s Horn Succulent grows, it may require repotting to provide enough space for its roots. Repotting is best done during the spring season using a slightly larger pot with fresh succulent soil. Gently remove the plant from its current container, untangle any roots, and place it in the new pot, ensuring the crown remains at the soil level. Allow the plant to settle in its new pot before resuming regular care.

Care and Maintenance

Pruning and Trimming

Regular pruning and trimming help maintain the desired shape and size of the Devil’s Horn Succulent. Remove any leggy or elongated branches to encourage a more compact growth habit. Additionally, remove any dead or withered leaves to improve the plant’s overall appearance and prevent potential pest and disease issues.


Fertilizing the Devil’s Horn Succulent is not necessary, but if you want to promote healthy growth and vigor, you can apply a balanced, water-soluble succulent fertilizer during the active growing season. Dilute the fertilizer to half strength and apply it once every two to four weeks. Be cautious not to over-fertilize, as it could damage the plant.

Pests and Diseases

The Devil’s Horn Succulent is generally resilient and not prone to many pests and diseases. However, it can occasionally be affected by common succulent pests such as mealybugs, aphids, or scale insects. Regularly inspect the plant for any signs of infestation and treat them promptly using organic pest control methods or insecticidal soap.

Popular Varieties of Devil’s Horn Succulent

Within the Crassula nudicaulis species, there are various cultivated varieties that offer slight differences in appearance. Some popular varieties include:

  1. Crassula nudicaulis ‘Toadstool’: This variety has rosettes with rounder and thicker leaves, resembling little toadstools.
  2. Crassula nudicaulis ‘Coral’: Known for its vibrant coral-colored leaves, this variety adds a splash of color to any succulent collection.
  3. Crassula nudicaulis ‘Ruby Necklace’: With leaves that turn ruby red under bright light, this variety is highly sought after by succulent enthusiasts.

Benefits and Uses

Apart from its aesthetic appeal, the Devil’s Horn Succulent offers several benefits. Like other succulents, it can help improve indoor air quality by absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen during photosynthesis

arrangements, rock gardens, or as a striking focal point in any garden or indoor space. Additionally, this unique succulent is known to be low-maintenance, making it suitable for busy individuals or those new to plant care.

Conclusion: Embrace the Uniqueness of the Devils Horn Succulent

The Devils Horn Succulent is an extraordinary plant that adds a touch of intrigue and beauty to any succulent collection. With its horn-like branches, slender stems, and captivating form, it is sure to turn heads and spark conversations. By providing the right care, you can witness the gradual growth and development of this enigmatic succulent. Embrace the uniqueness of the Devils Horn Succulent and let its charm enchant your indoor or outdoor space.

Remember, handling the Devils Horn Succulent requires caution due to its toxic sap, so be mindful when interacting with this remarkable plant. With proper care and attention, the Devils Horn Succulent will reward you with its captivating presence and undeniable allure.


  1. How often should I water Devil’s Horn Succulent?
    • Devil’s Horn Succulents should be watered when the soil is completely dry. Typically, this translates to watering every 7-10 days. However, it’s important to adjust the watering frequency based on environmental conditions and the moisture retention capacity of the soil.
  2. Can Devil’s Horn Succulent tolerate direct sunlight?
    • Devil’s Horn Succulents prefer bright but indirect sunlight. While they can tolerate some direct sunlight, it’s best to provide filtered light or partial shade to prevent leaf burn.
  3. How do I propagate Devil’s Horn Succulent?
    • Devil’s Horn Succulents can be propagated through stem cuttings or leaf propagation. Stem cuttings should be allowed to dry and callus before planting, while leaf propagation involves placing a healthy leaf on top of the soil until roots develop.
  4. What are the common pests that affect Devil’s Horn Succulent?
    • Common pests that can affect Devil’s Horn Succulents include mealybugs, aphids, and scale insects. Regularly inspect the plant for signs of infestation and treat them using organic pest control methods or insecticidal soap.
  5. Can Devil’s Horn Succulent be grown indoors?
    • Yes, Devil’s Horn Succulents can be grown indoors. They are well-suited to indoor environments, provided they receive adequate bright, indirect light and are planted in well-draining soil.

   6.      what succulent looks like horn?

              Devil’s Horn Succulent (Crassula nudicaulis)

      7.    how big are crassula devils horns?

Crassula ‘Devil’s Horns’ is a small succulent plant with compact growth. On       average, it reaches a height of about 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) and spreads to a width of around 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm). Its size makes it suitable for small containers or as part of a succulent arrangement.

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